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Geneseo, Illinois 61254

August 2021

Tuesday, 31 August 2021 00:00

Finding Pain Relief From Sever’s Disease

The pain from the foot condition that is known as Sever's disease can cause severe discomfort, despite the fact that it typically doesn’t last long. This is an ailment that generally affects young teenagers who are physically active and involves the growth plate in the heel. It is referred to as a painful bone disorder and happens as the heel bone grows faster than the surrounding tendons and muscles. Common symptoms that many patients experience can include heel pain, swelling, tightness, and the area may appear to be bruised. Mild relief may be found when that activity that caused this ailment is temporarily ceased, and the foot is frequently elevated. It can be beneficial to strengthen the foot by performing specific calf stretches. This can help to increase the flexibility of the muscles that are connected to the heel. If your child is physically active and begins limping, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can effectively treat Sever’s disease.

Sever's disease often occurs in children and teens. If your child is experiencing foot or ankle pain, see Thomas J. Rizzo DPM from Step Ahead Foot Care. Our doctor can treat your child’s foot and ankle needs.

Sever’s Disease

Sever’s disease is also known as calcaneal apophysitis, which is a medical condition that causes heel pain I none or both feet. The disease is known to affect children between the ages of 8 and 14.

Sever’s disease occurs when part of the child’s heel known as the growth plate (calcaneal epiphysis) is attached to the Achilles tendon. This area can suffer injury when the muscles and tendons of the growing foot do not keep pace with bone growth. Therefore, the constant pain which one experiences at the back of the heel will make the child unable to put any weight on the heel. The child is then forced to walk on their toes.

Symptoms

Acute pain – Pain associated with Sever’s disease is usually felt in the heel when the child engages in physical activity such as walking, jumping and or running.

Highly active – Children who are very active are among the most susceptible in experiencing Sever’s disease, because of the stress and tension placed on their feet.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Geneseo, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle injuries.

Read more about Sever's Disease
Tuesday, 24 August 2021 00:00

How Are Foot Ulcers Classified?

A foot ulcer is commonly known as “diabetic foot” and as its name suggests, it’s a frequent condition among diabetic patients. It is a wound on the foot that heals slowly and generally forms on the ball of the foot or the bottom of the big toe. Serious conditions can develop from an infected wound that is left untreated, including poor circulation, nerve damage, and in extreme cases risk of limb amputation. Diabetic foot ulcers can be classified into 4 groups. A wound that does not show signs of an infection is called uninfected. When the area around the wound has turned red, is warm to the touch, painful, or slightly swollen, this is known as a mild infection. If the infection involves deeper layers of skin down into the muscle, tendons, bone or joints, then a moderate infection is likely. A high body temperature or fever, accompanied with heavy breathing or a fast heartbeat can cause sepsis making this a severe infection. If you are a diabetic patient and notice a wound on your foot, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist regularly who can offer you proper wound care treatment.

Wound care is an important part in dealing with diabetes. If you have diabetes and a foot wound or would like more information about wound care for diabetics, consult with Thomas J. Rizzo DPM from Step Ahead Foot Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Wound Care?

Wound care is the practice of taking proper care of a wound. This can range from the smallest to the largest of wounds. While everyone can benefit from proper wound care, it is much more important for diabetics. Diabetics often suffer from poor blood circulation which causes wounds to heal much slower than they would in a non-diabetic. 

What Is the Importance of Wound Care?

While it may not seem apparent with small ulcers on the foot, for diabetics, any size ulcer can become infected. Diabetics often also suffer from neuropathy, or nerve loss. This means they might not even feel when they have an ulcer on their foot. If the wound becomes severely infected, amputation may be necessary. Therefore, it is of the upmost importance to properly care for any and all foot wounds.

How to Care for Wounds

The best way to care for foot wounds is to prevent them. For diabetics, this means daily inspections of the feet for any signs of abnormalities or ulcers. It is also recommended to see a podiatrist several times a year for a foot inspection. If you do have an ulcer, run the wound under water to clear dirt from the wound; then apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover with a bandage. Bandages should be changed daily and keeping pressure off the wound is smart. It is advised to see a podiatrist, who can keep an eye on it.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Geneseo, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tuesday, 17 August 2021 00:00

What Is Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome?

Within the ankle lies a narrow structure composed of bone and tissue— known as the tarsal tunnel. Running through this tunnel are blood vessels, tendons, and the tibial nerve—which can become compressed in this narrow anatomical space due to a lesion, mass, or other contributing factors that increases pressure within the tunnel. Tarsal tunnel syndrome is an entrapment neuropathy which can cause symptoms that may include tingling, burning, numbness, or a shooting and radiating pain in the ankle or along the tibial nerve. People with flat feet are said to be more prone to developing tarsal tunnel syndrome as the tibial nerve can become stretched due to fallen arches. Patients who believe that they have Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome should consult with a podiatrist. There are a variety of treatments and therapies a podiatrist has at their disposal to help relieve pain and decompress the affected nerve.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact Thomas J. Rizzo DPM of Step Ahead Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Geneseo, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Treating Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tuesday, 10 August 2021 00:00

What Can Cause an Ingrown Toenail?

An ingrown toenail is defined as a nail that grows into the outside edges of the skin. It generally affects the big toe and can cause severe pain and discomfort. It can occur as a result of wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in, or possibly from genetic factors. Additionally, the shape of the nail may be conducive to developing an ingrown toenail. Research has indicated that ingrown toenails may happen more often in children and pregnant women. This can be a result of the accelerated speed of the nail growth. Mild relief may be found when the affected toe is soaked in warm water which can be beneficial in pulling the nail away from the softened skin. An ingrown toenail can easily become infected if not promptly treated. If you are afflicted with this ailment it is strongly suggested that you speak with a podiatrist who can properly treat this condition.

Ingrown toenails may initially present themselves as a minor discomfort, but they may progress into an infection in the skin without proper treatment. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Thomas J. Rizzo DPM of Step Ahead Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails are caused when the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh surrounding it. They often result in redness, swelling, pain, and in some cases, infection. This condition typically affects the big toe and may recur if it is not treated properly.

Causes

  • Improper toenail trimming
  • Genetics
  • Improper shoe fitting
  • Injury from pedicures or nail picking
  • Abnormal gait
  • Poor hygiene

You are more likely to develop an ingrown toenail if you are obese, have diabetes, arthritis, or have any fungal infection in your nails. Additionally, people who have foot or toe deformities are at a higher risk of developing an ingrown toenail.

Symptoms

Some symptoms of ingrown toenails are redness, swelling, and pain. In rare cases, there may be a yellowish drainage coming from the nail.

Treatment

Ignoring an ingrown toenail can have serious complications. Infections of the nail border can progress to a deeper soft-tissue infection, which can then turn into a bone infection. You should always speak with your podiatrist if you suspect you have an ingrown toenail, especially if you have diabetes or poor circulation.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Geneseo, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenails
Friday, 06 August 2021 00:00

Are Bunions Affecting Your Everyday Life?

Have you noticed a bony protrusion on the side of your big toe? If so, you may have developed the foot condition known as a bunion. Don't let bunions interfere with your daily activities.

Tuesday, 03 August 2021 00:00

What Is Fat Pad Atrophy?

The fat pad is a thick layer of fat located underneath the balls and heels of the feet. It provides cushioning to minimize the effects of friction and pressure on the feet, while also anchoring the feet to help you shift your body weight. Fat pad atrophy is the gradual loss of fat from the ball or the heel of the foot. This process is often associated with aging, but may also be caused by collapsed bones, high arches, foot injuries, arthritis, improper footwear, diabetes, steroid injections, certain medications, and genetic factors. Fat pad atrophy leads to symptoms such as pain in the balls and heels of the feet, swelling, and the formation of calluses. Pain is usually at its worst when walking, standing for prolonged periods of time, or wearing high heels. If you are experiencing fat pad atrophy, it is suggested that you seek the care of a podiatrist.

Many people suffer from bouts of heel pain. For more information, contact Thomas J. Rizzo DPM of Step Ahead Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Causes of Heel Pain

Heel pain is often associated with plantar fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a band of tissues that extends along the bottom of the foot. A rip or tear in this ligament can cause inflammation of the tissue.

Achilles tendonitis is another cause of heel pain. Inflammation of the Achilles tendon will cause pain from fractures and muscle tearing. Lack of flexibility is also another symptom.

Heel spurs are another cause of pain. When the tissues of the plantar fascia undergo a great deal of stress, it can lead to ligament separation from the heel bone, causing heel spurs.

Why Might Heel Pain Occur?

  • Wearing ill-fitting shoes                  
  • Wearing non-supportive shoes
  • Weight change           
  • Excessive running

Treatments

Heel pain should be treated as soon as possible for immediate results. Keeping your feet in a stress-free environment will help. If you suffer from Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis, applying ice will reduce the swelling. Stretching before an exercise like running will help the muscles. Using all these tips will help make heel pain a condition of the past.

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Geneseo, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Heel Pain
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